Buddah Records

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

needs additional citations forverification

Please helpimprove this articlebyadding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

(Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Buddah Records(later known asBuddha Records) was an Americanrecord labelfounded in 1967 inNew York City. The label was born out ofKama Sutra Records, anMGM Records-distributed label, which remained a key imprint following Buddahs founding. Buddah handled a variety of music genres, includingbubblegum pop(theOhio Expressand the1910 Fruitgum Company),[1]folk-rock (Melanie), experimental music (Captain Beefheart),[2]and soul (Gladys Knight & the Pips).

In addition to the Buddah imprint, the company distributed many other independent labels, including Kama Sutra Records (after Kama Sutra cut their distribution ties with MGM in 1969),Curtom RecordsCurtis Mayfield),T-Neck Records(theIsley Brothers),Charisma RecordsGenesisMonty Python),Sussex RecordsBill Withers),Hot Wax RecordsHolland-Dozier-Hollandpost-Motownproductions) and smaller subsidiaries.[3]

Kama Sutra Records helped bolster MGM Records profits during 1965 and 1966, primarily due to the success of Kama Sutras flagship artistsThe Lovin Spoonful. Kama Sutras head, Art Kass, ultimately grew dissatisfied with his distribution deal with MGM and founded Buddah Records in 1967, with his Kama Sutra partners, Artie Ripp, Hy Mizrahi, Phil Steinberg, and (allegedly)[4]ItalianmobsterSonny Franzese.

Kass brought in 24-year-oldNeil Bogartto oversee Buddahs daily operations. Bogart had been an MGM General Manager in the early 1960s before taking a VP/Sales Director position atCameo-Parkway Records. Bogart would quickly enlist Cameo-Parkway producersJerry KasenetzandJeff Katzthe Ohio Express(a band signed to Kasenetzs and KatzsSuper K Productionsfirm), and ex-Cameo artiststhe Five Stairstepsinto the new label. Buddahs firstsinglewas Yes, We Have No Bananas/The Audition by the Mulberry Fruit Band; the labels firstalbumwasSafe as MilkbyCaptain Beefheart & His Magic Band. Kass and Bogart also brought along the promotion department of Cameo-Parkway, which was shutting down.[5]

Buddah initially made its mark as abubblegum popmusic label, with Ohio Express, the1910 Fruitgum CompanyandKasenetz-Katz Singing Orchestral Circus. However, it wasThe Lemon Piperswho gave Buddah its first No. 1 hit withGreen Tambourine, produced byPaul Leka, in February 1968.

The New York-area visual aids company Viewlex purchased a controlling interest in Buddah in 1968 with Ripp, Steinberg and Mizrahi departing the company at this time, leaving Kass and Bogart in charge.[6]

As bubblegum musics popularity declined at the turn of the decade, Buddah branched out into gospel, folk-country, and R&B. Bogart, a master promoter, would go to great lengths to generate hit singles fortop 40radio airplay,[7]and got results; music industry historian Bob Hyde has estimated that, during their heyday, Buddah and its associated labels charted over 100 singles, with about one in five singles issued by the company charting (vs. the ratio of one chart hit to 20 singles released that most major labels experienced in that time period).[3]Hit singles released by Buddah and its associated labels during 1969-73 included:

Johnny Maestro & the Brooklyn BridgeThe Worst That Could Happen(1969)

Lou ChristieIm Gonna Make You Mine(1969)

MelanieLay Down (Candles in the Rain)and What Have They Done to My Song Ma (1970)

(written by and featuring a youngDonnie Iris)

100 Proof (Aged in Soul)s Somebodys Been Sleeping in My Bed (1970)

Brewer & Shipleys One Toke Over the Line (1970)

OceanPut Your Hand in the Hand(1971)

(1971),Lean on Me(1972) andUse Me(1972)

Gallerys Nice to Be With You (1972)

Curtis MayfieldSuper FlyandFreddies Dead(1972)

Gunhill Roads Back When My Hair Was Short (1973)

While Buddah primarily focused on singles, several of its album releases, including Brewer & ShipleysTarkio(1970), Bill WithersStill Bill(1972), and Curtis MayfieldsSuper Fly(1972), also charted well during this period.

Neil Bogart created and distributed Brut Records via Buddah Records for thecompany.

Bogart left Buddah in 1973 to startCasablanca Records. Soon after Bogarts departure,Gladys Knight & the Pipswould emerge as Buddahs biggest success. Previously signed to Motown, Knight and the Pips would release their biggest hits, includingMidnight Train to GeorgiaandYoure the Best Thing That Ever Happened to Me, for Buddah.

Jazz session drummerNorman Connorsbecame Buddahs musical director in 1976 and helped to foster the labels move toward R&B anddisco(e.g.,the Andrea True Connections More, More, More (1976) andChicDance, Dance, Dance (Yowsah, Yowsah, Yowsah)(1977), the latter hit the charts on its subsequent re-issue byAtlantic Records). Viewlex declared bankruptcy in 1976 and Art Kass purchased Buddah back from them, but the debt[6]resulted in a substantial decline in the number of new releases.Arista Recordstook over distribution of Buddah from 1978 to 1983, with several artists, including Norman Connors and Phyllis Hyman, switching to Arista.

Buddahs final release of new product came in mid-1983, with Michael Hendersons R&B hit Fickle and the accompanying album of the same name. Kama Sutras final issue came a year later, with the Fat Boys (formerly the Disco 3)s self-titled single. Art Kass subsequently sold the label to Essex Entertainment, who managed the Buddah catalog until 1993, when they sold it toBMG. Kass would form another label, Casino Records, in partnership with formerNew York DollsmanagerMarty Thauand concert promoter Terrell Braly, but this venture was not successful.

Buddah, now known as Buddha Records, was re-activated by BMG in September 1998 as a reissue label, which was subsequently reorganized asBMG Heritage Recordson January 1, 2002. The Buddah/Buddha catalogue is now owned bySony Music Entertainmentand managed byLegacy Recordings.

Buddah distributed many labels during its history, including the following:

the wholly owned subsidiaryKama Sutra Records, from 1969 (when Kama Sutras distribution deal with MGM Records expired) to 1976.

Curtom Records, founded and owned by Curtis Mayfield, (19681974)

T-Neck Records, owned by theIsley Brothers, (19691973)

Charisma Records, the U.K.-based label founded byTony Stratton-Smith, distributed 19711973. Buddah would adopt the font Charisma used on their Mad Hatter label to create a uniform branding for its key labels (Buddah, Kama Sutra, Charisma) in 1973, although Charismas distribution deal with Buddah would end later that year.

Hot Wax Records, owned by Motown songwriting trioHolland-Dozier-Holland, 19691973.

Cobblestone Records, featuring jazz musicians.

Pavilion Records, a short-lived gospel music imprint best known for its release ofOh Happy DaybyThe Edwin Hawkins Singersin 1969.

Studio One Records, the Jamaican label founded byCoxsone Dodd. Buddah released various selections from Studio Ones back catalog in 1978.

Other Buddah subsidiaries or associated labels included Radio Active Gold (for reissue singles), Team,Super K, Royal American, Symbolic, Eleuthera, Ember, Pace, Desert Moon, Pi Kappa, Skye, Southwind, Thomas, Harbour, National General, and Brut.

1967: Buddah Records in stylized black letters at the bottom. Singles were designated with green labels, albums with red labels

19681972: Multi-color kaleidoscope label with silhouette of a(notBuddha) at the bottom of the label between the words Buddah and Records (same format for both singles and albums)

19721978: Maroon label with pink circle around outer edge, Buddah Records at top of label in white letters (deliberately borrowing from the font used on Charisma Recordss Mad Hatter label for a uniform branding). Singles feature the head of aBuddha statueat the top of the label, albums show the entire statue at the bottom. When Arista took over distribution in 1978, the Arista logo and disclaimer were added by stamp at the bottom, starting with this label format

19781983: Black label with multicolored B logo at top in a box, Buddah in white letters under the B in a subsection of the box, Arista logo and disclaimer at the bottom (same format for singles and albums)

The following artists released at least one recording for Buddah Records, or for one of Buddahs subsidiaries/distributed labels as noted in parentheses:

Captain Groovy and his Bubblegum Army

Dennis Coffey & The Detroit Guitar Band(Sussex)

The Five Stairsteps(Curtom, Buddah)

Bill Haley & His Comets(Kama Sutra)

Edwin Hawkins Singers(Pavilion, Buddah)

Kasenetz-Katz Singing Orchestral Circus

Glenn Miller(reissue of RCA material)

Rock & Roll Dubble Bubble Trading Card Co. of Philadelphia, 19141

Zalman Yanovsky(Buddah, Kama Sutra)

Compilation discography and Billboard chart peak positions

Bubble Gum Music Is the Naked Truth (105) Buddah BDS-50323/69

Hits by 1910 Fruitgum Company, Ohio Express, The Lemon Pipers, Kasenetz-Katz Singing Orchestral Circus, and Shadows of Knight

Buddahs 360 Degree Dial-A-HitBuddah BDS-50391969

Tracks from Buddah, Kama Sutra and Curtom artists

The Amazing Mets (197) Buddah 196911/69

Songs by the 1969 World Series Champions New York Mets (take note of the appropriately issued label number)

Dick Clark / 20 Years Of Rock & Roll (27) Buddah BDS-51337/73

2-LP set of hits from 1953 to 1972. Original copies (with gatefold cover) include booklet and bonus 7 cardboard record Inside Stories with Dick Clark (reissues have none of the extras)

The Buddah BoxEssex Entertainment 70601993

3-CD set of 45 tracks by various Buddah artists (19651984). Includes 28-page booklet with label history and photos

BDS5000 The Best from Buddah Various Artists [1969]

BDS 5001 Safe As Milk Captain Beefheart & His Magic Band [1967]

BDS 5002 The Beauty of Bruno Tony Bruno [1967]

BDS 5005 Calypso Go Go Lord Burgess and His Sun Islanders [1968]

BDS 5007 Pennys Arcade Penny Nichols [1968]

BDS 5008 Our Family Portrait 5 Stairsteps & Cubie [1968]

BDS 5009 Green Tambourine Lemon Pipers [1968]

BDS 5010 Simon Says 1910 Fruitgum Co. [1968]

BDS 5011 The Treasure of San Gennaro (Soundtrack) Armando Trovaioli [1968]

BDS 5012 The Barry Goldberg Reunion Theres No Hole In My Soul [1968]

BDS 5014 Incense and Oldies Various [1968]

BDS 5015 Checkmate Lemon Pipers & The 1910 Fruitgum Co. [1968]

BDS 5016 Jungle Marmalade Lemon Pipers [1968]

BDS 5017 Classmates Various [1968]

BDS 5018 Ohio Express Ohio Express [1968]

BDS 5019 Zalman Yanovsky Is Alive and Well in Argentina Zalman Yanovsky [1968]

BDS 5020 KasenetzKatz Singing Orchestral Circus KasenetzKatz Singing Orchestral Circus [1968]

BDS 5021 Finders Keepers Salt Water Taffy [1968]

BDS 5022 1, 2, 3, Red Light 1910 Fruitgum Co. [1968]

BDS 5023 Steamed Calliope [1969]

BDS 5024 Born To Be Melanie [1969]

BDS 5025 George Burns Sings George Burns [1969]

BDS 5026 Chewy, Chewy Ohio Express [1969]

BDS 5027 Goody Goody Gum Drops 1910 Fruitgum Co. [1969]

BDS 5028 Quick Joey Small/Im In Love With You KasenetzKatz Super Circus [1968]

BDS 5029 Barry Goldberg…and Two Jews Blues [1969]

BDS 5030 Bob McAllister of Wonderama Bob McAllister [5/69]

BDS 5031 Sun Rise Eire Apparent [1969]

BDS 5032 Bubble Gum Music Is The Naked Truth Various [1969]

BDS 5033 Elephants Memory Elephants Memory [1969]

BDS 5034 Brooklyn Bridge Brooklyn Bridge [1969]

BDS 5035 Yesterdays Folks U.S. 69 [1969]

BDS 5036 Indian Giver 1910 Fruitgum Co. [1969]

BDS 5037 Mercy Ohio Express [1969]

BDS 5038 Songs From Midnight Cowboy Elephants Memory [1969]

BDS 5039 Buddahs 360 DialAHit Various [1969]

BDS 5040 A Salute to Dwight D. Eisenhower Documentary [9/69]

BDS 5041 Melanie Melanie [1969]

BDS 5042 The Second Brooklyn Bridge Brooklyn Bridge [1969]

BDS 5043 Hard Ride 1910 Fruitgum Co. [1969]

BDSP 5044 StrikeConfrontation At Harvard 1969 Various [1969]

BDS 5045 Journey To The Moon Jay Genesis [1969]

BDS 5046 When I Die Motherlode [1969]

BDS 5049 Early in the Morning Kole and Param

BDS 5050 Bengali Bauls At Big Pink Bengali Bauls [11/70]

BDS 5051 Street Man Barry Goldberg [1970]

BDS 5052 Im Gonna Make You Mine Lou Christie [1969]

BDS 5053 Oh What a Night Dells [11/70]

BDS 5054 Peace Is Blowin In The Wind Edwin Hawkins Singers [1969]

BDS 5057 Juiciest Fruitgum 1910 Fruitgum Co. [1970]

BDS 5058 The Very Best of the Ohio Express Ohio Express [1970]

BDS 5059 Both Sides Now Tokens [1970]

BDS 5060 Candles In The Rain Melanie [1970]

BDS 5061 Stairsteps Stairsteps [1970]

BDS 5063 Safe As Milk Captain Beefheart & His Magic Band [1970] (reissue of Buddah BDM 1001/BDS 5001)

BDS 5064 More Happy Days Edwin Hawkins Singers [1970]

BDS 5065 The Brooklyn Bridge Brooklyn Bridge [1970]

BDS 5066 Leftover Wine Melanie [1970]

BDS 5067 Brand New Day Dorothy Morrison [1970]

BDS 5068 Step By Step By Step Stairsteps [1970]

BDS 5069 Biff Rose Biff Rose [1970]

BDS 5070 Oh Happy Day Edwin Hawkins Singers [1969]

BDS 5071 Anthem Anthem [1971] Anthem/Queen/Youre Not So Mean/Florida/New Day//Misty Morns/Ibis/Child

BDS 5072 Where Are We Going Bobby Bloom [1971]

BDS 5073 Paint America Love Lou Christie Sacco [1971]

BDS 5074 My First Album Melanie [1970]

BDS 5075 The Thorn In Mrs. Roses Side Biff Rose [1971]

BDS 5076 Children Of Light Biff Rose [1971]

BDS 5077 Mirror Man Captain Beefheart & His Magic Band [1971] Tarotplane/Kandy Korn//25th Century Quaker/Mirror Man

BDS 5078 Half Live At The Bitter End Biff Rose [1971]

BDS 5079 Stairsteps Stairsteps [8/71]

BDS 5080 Call Me Man! Jules Blatner Group [1971]

BDS 5081 Blast From My Past Barry Goldberg [1971]

BDS 5082 Bert Sommer Bert Sommer [1971]

BDS 5083 Everythings Coming Up Roses Jack Wild [1971]

BDS 5084 Natures Baby Lena Horne [1971]

BDS 5085 Seeds To The Ground Airto [1971] Andei/Branches Of The Rose Tree/Jive Talking/Moon Dreams/We Love/Wind

BDS 5086 Children (Get Together) Edwin Hawkins Singers [1971]

BDS 5089 Gotta Get Back To Cisco Gorgoni, Martin & Taylor [1971]

BDS 5090 Tomorrow Bobbi Martin [1971]

BDS 5091 The Johnny Maestro Story Johnny Maestro [1971]

BDS 5092 Wilbert Harrison Wilbert Harrison [1971]

BDS 5093 Paul Anka Paul Anka [1971]

BDS 5094 Raymond Lefevre & His Orchestra Raymond Lefevre & His Orchestra [1971]

BDS 5095 Garden In The City Melanie [1971]

BDS 5096 Steve Goodman Steve Goodman [1971]

BDS 5097 Richard Nixon Superstar David Frye [1971]

BDS 5098 Steve Kuhn Steve Kuhn [1972]

BDS 5099 Merry Christmas Raymond Lefevre Orchestra [1972]

BDS 5100 The View From Rowlands Head Family Dogg [1972]

BDS 5101 Id Like To Teach The World To Sing Edwin Hawkins Singers [1972]

BDS 5102 Swampgas Swampgas [1972]

BDS 5103 Soul Improvisations Van McCoy [1972]

BDS 5104 Sea Dog Sea Dog [1972]

BDS 5105 Ups And Downs Len Barry [1972]

BDS 5107 The Bridge In Blue Bridge [1972]

BDS 5108 Tapped Out Motherlode [1972]

BDS 5109 Oh Happy Day Raymond Lefevre [1972]

BDS 5110 A Beautiful World Jack Wild [1972]

BDS 5111 Made For Each Other (Soundtrack) Trade Martin [5/72]

BDS 5112 Johnny Tillotson Johnny Tillotson [1972]

BDS 5113 Gorgoni Martin & Taylor Gorgoni Martin & Taylor [8/72] Yellow label.

BDS 5115 Take Me Away Risa Potter

BDS 5116 Chee Chee & Peppy Chee Chee & Peppy

BDS 5117 Give Me Your Love Barbara Mason

BDS 5119 Amazing SpiderMan: From Beyond The Grave! Various [1972]

BDS 5121 Somebody Elses Troubles Steve Goodman

BDS 5123 Cigars, Acappella, Candy Belmonts

BDS 5125 Roger Shriver Roger Shriver

BDS 5126 Let Me Touch You Trade Martin

BDS 5127 A Musical Trip with George Burns George Burns

BDS 5129 The Black Motion Picture Experience Cecil Holmes Soulful Sounds

BDS 5130 Michael Wendroff Michael Wendroff

BDS 5131 New World Edwin Hawkins Singers

BDS 5132 Please Love Me (All the Right Noises Soundtrack) Melanie

BDS 51332 Dick Clark20 Years Of Rock N Roll Various

BDS 5135 Spirit Of Atlanta Spirit Of Atlanta [1973]

BDS 5136 Super Fly T.N.T. Osibisa

BDS 5137 Gordons War (Soundtrack) Horace Ott Ducklings)/Hot Wheels (The Chase)/Child Of Tomorrow (Sung By Barbara Mason)

BDS 5139 Music for Soulful Lovers Cecil Holmes Soulful Sounds

BDS 5140 Lady Love Barbara Mason

BDS 5141 Imagination Gladys Knight & The Pips

BDS 5142 Love From The Sun Norman Connors

BDS 51442 The Blues… A Real Summit Meeting Various

BDS 7511 Electric Blues Chicago Style Various [1970]

Marty Thau, Manager in Early New York Punk Scene, Dies at 75.

The Sound of the City: The Rise of Rock and Roll

((2nd Ed.) ed.). New York, N.Y.: Da Capo Press. p.322.ISBN0-306-80683-5.

The Kama Sutra/Buddah Records Story

Hit Men: Power Brokers and Fast Money Inside the Music Business

, Random House,ISBN0-8129-1658-1, p. 164.

And Party Every Day: The Inside Story Of Casablanca Records: Larry Harris, Curt Gooch, Jeff Suhs: 24: m: Books. Amazon.com

The Kama Sutra / Buddah Records Story

Record labels disestablished in 2002

Defunct record labels of the United States

1967 establishments in New York (state)

Articles needing additional references from June 2014

All articles needing additional references

This page was last edited on 25 May 2018, at 18:37

Text is available under the; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to theTerms of UseandPrivacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of theWikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.